Spray aphids with insecticidal soap spray every couple of days, but never when temperatures are over 85 F. (29 C.). V. trilobum Marsh. Take a photo and Despite being munched by Viburnum beetle earlier in the year which turned a lot of it’s leaves into lace, the guelder rose, Viburnum opulus, has managed to retain some foliage which will gradually turn a beautiful shade of dark pink. trilobum Affected plant tissues develop a powdery white to light gray growth of fungal mycelia. in 20 years). Which viburnum? across. Flower buds red. Your help is appreciated. Viburnum opulus L. var. It has lovely lime green leaves, and is a hardy shrub. Note: when native and non-native americanum Ait. – In this form all the flowers are of the sterile kind, and the cyme in consequence becomes transferred into a globose head of white, closely packed blossoms, 2 to 21⁄2 in. luteum Bean). There is a yellow-fruited form – f. flavum Rehd. It is a deciduous shrub with a rounded spreading habit that typically grows to … They often remain on the shrub throughout the winter. This is one of the most beautiful of hardy shrubs, but of course the fruiting beauty of the common Guelder rose is sacrificed. RI
by Kartesz (1999), based on George (1992); however, George (1999) stated this taxon was 
not naturalized in Asia, introduced to Europe through Prof. Sargent in 1892. Recommended citation'Viburnum opulus' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline.org/articles/viburnum/viburnum-opulus/). Slightly unripe berries make good jams, jellies, and sauces. From early May, this is covered in bright acid-green fluffy footballs and elegant indented leaves. Cymes 2 to 3 in. CT, MA, ME, & Gr. It also has scarlet fruit in autumn. 'Roseum', is probably one of the most common ones. ‘Notcutt’s Variety’. CT, MA, ME, is shown on the map. Torr. Leaves look much like those of Viburnum opulus; they emerge reddish tinged, mature to dark green, turn yellow to red-purple in fall. Take a close look at your browning viburnum leaves. An ally of V. opulus in N.E. those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). – A curious dwarf form of tufted habit, growing 1 to 3 ft high. It is not so useful and well-doing a shrub as V. opulus in Britain, starting earlier into growth, and being subject to injury by spring frosts. The distinctive orange-red berries of highbush cranberry lend this species its common name. opulus was reported from ‘Compactum’. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Glossy dark green in the summer, these leaves often change to yellow-red or red-purple in the autumn. We depend on This very ornamental viburnum was raised by Donald Egolf at the United States National Arboretum and is cultivated in the Hillier Arboretum near Romsey. A site produced by the International Dendrology Society. the state. popular Names: Guelder-Rose, water elder, cramp bark, snowball tree and European cranberry bush A similar species that is native to North America is Viburnum trilobum [American Cranberrybush Viburnum], but more recently this plant is classified as a variety (varietas, var.) Can you please help us? L. N│E. Sear the stem end in boiling water for 45 seconds and it will last for 2 weeks in a vase. Genus Viburnum can be deciduous or evergreen shrubs with opposite, simple or palmately lobed leaves and clusters of small, often fragrant white or pink flowers, followed by red, blue or black berries Details 'Roseum' is a large, bushy deciduous shrub with 3- to 5-lobed leaves turning reddish in autumn. RI, V. trilobum Marsh. R.H.S., Vol. Clausen, 1b.  Petiole glands sessile, wider than tall, concave at the apex Snowball bush (Viburnum opulus) Commonly known as the Guelder rose, or snowball bush, this variety, as the name suggests, produces large, round clusters of white flowers. Don’t panic. Viburnum sargentii is a robust, deciduous viburnum, with maple-like leaves and lacecap flowers in spring and summer. There are currently no active references in this article. For information about how you could sponsor this page, see How You Can Help, Article from Bean's Trees and Shrubs Hardy in the British Isles. The shrub can easily grow to be as tall as 20 feet, and it does best in zones seven to nine. ex Kew Hand-list; V. o. var. ‘Onondaga’ is a lovely cultivar, with red-bronze young foliage, that greens up as it matures. of Viburnum opulus and designated Viburnum opulus. The large serrated lobed leaves … to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within 1a.  Petiole glands stalked, taller than wide, truncate to convex at the apex 
 NH, It also forms the best backdrop for tulips and wallflowers in the garden. To reuse an If you are looking for a flowering shrub that will add beauty to your landscape, one of the popular Viburnum shrubs may be a great addition. state. In cultivation 1901 and probably much earlier (V. o. fructu-luteo Hort. – Leaves bright yellow. ; V. o. pauciflorum Raf. Show cv. For copyright and licence information, see the Licence page. ; Accessed 2020-12-22. donations to help keep this site free and up to date for a sighting. This is a variety that has dark blue, green leaves that are oval-shaped. 251). to exist in the county by NH, americana), and downy arrowwood (V. rafinesquianum) are especially attractive to the pest and frequently suffer 91 (1966), p. 519 and fig. V. sargentii Koehne – An ally of V. opulus in N.E. cv. Go Botany: Native Plant Trust – This is not confined to north-east Asia (see page 709); it also occurs as far south as north-west Hupeh. The disease typically appears in the summer and reaches its peak in late summer. Also covers Free fruiting. In spring, the leaves are green, and they change to orange-yellow or red in autumn. Chron., Vol. ssp. ; V. pauciflorum (Raf.) V. edule (Michx.) you. ‘Roseum’ (‘Sterile’). unintentionally); has become naturalized. VT. Swamps, wetland margins, shorelines; also introduced to field edges, roadsides, and abandoned lots. The leaves are opposite, three-lobed, 5–10 cm (2–4 in) long and broad, with a rounded base and coarsely serrated margins; they are superficially similar to the leaves of some maples, most easily distinguished by their somewhat wrinkled surface with impressed leaf venation. Award of Merit 1962. The individual florets grow in clusters usually found at the ends … Their flowers range from sweetly fragrant to unpleasantly scented and are primarily creamy white, but can vary from white to pink. Fruits bright red, globose, 1⁄3 in. wide. European snowball bush, also known as Viburnum opulus 'Roseum', is probably one of the most common ones. Pests Causing Yellow Leaves on Viburnum Aphids can cause big problems for viburnums, including puckered, yellowing leaves. Powdery mildew of viburnum primarily affects young leaves and shoots. RI. – which comes partly true when raised from seeds (see D. Wyman, Shrubs and Vines (1969), p. 494). The extracts were prepared from the fruits, branches, and leaves of V lantana and V opulus species. Butterflies enjoy the edule Michx.V. Leaves three- (sometimes four- or five-) lobed, maple-like, 2 to 4 in. It is of wide distribution in Canada and the northern USA, as far west as British Columbia and Washington. They hatch in May, and the larvae begin to feed on the leaves that are emerging for spring. Viburnum opulus var. The Go Botany project is supported Fruit is similar to that of Viburnum opulus but is used for preserves and jellies. Viburnum opulus L. ssp. NH, Also covers those considered historical (not seen – Of lower and denser habit. It rarely or never flowers. The name ‘Guelder Rose’, now used for the species as a whole, originally belonged exclusively to this double form and suggests that it originated in the region of the Netherlands known as Gelderland. ‘Fructu-luteo’. image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. Whilst in beauty of flower the Guelder rose is inferior to many viburnums, it is inferior to none in this country in its fruits, or in the rich hues of its decaying foliage. Viburnum opulus is a deciduous shrub growing to 4–5 m (13–16 ft) tall. – A vigorous bush to about 12 ft high, with larger fruits than usual and fine autumn colour. 88 (1930), p. 281. cv. One of the larger types it can reach heights of 15 feet (4.5 metres). Viburnum acerifolium: branchlets and winter bud scales minutely hairy and mature fruits dark blue to dark purple (vs. V. opulus, with branchlets and winter bud scales without hairs and mature fruits red). Its only fault is that black fly (bean aphis) also like it. This appears to have been a rather weak-growing plant; it received an Award of Merit, however. Among the most common causes for viburnum leaves turning brown or black are leaf spot diseases. V. sargentii.  
9b. Edwin Beckett, the garden manager at Aldenham, suggested that the name fructu-luteo should be used for a form with fruits pink at first, becoming dark chrome yellow, slightly tinged with pink (Gard. opulus is non-native and known from CT, MA, ME, NH, VT. 9.  Viburnum opulus has maple-like leaves and beautiful white lace-cap flowers in the Spring, followed by clusters of translucent red berries in early Autumn. var. Keeping leaves relatively dry is the key to preventing leaf spot diseas… It is a deciduous shrub with a rounded spreading habit that typically grows to 10-15’ tall. VT. Subspecies – Although allied to V. opulus and with similar foliage, this differs in the absence of sterile flowers from the inflorescence. Prefers well-drained to moist soil in full sun or part shade.Adaptable to soil pH.Flowers on old wood, prune after flowering.Moderate tolerance of aerial salt spray. Native of Europe (including Britain), northwest Africa, Asia Minor, the Caucasus, and parts of Central Asia. Chinese Viburnums The emphasis in these bushes is on the perfumed flowers, sometimes pink, which are in tight, rounded heads and open with the first warm days of spring. opulus. americanum, of U.S. origin. Not to be confused with ‘Nanum’. Fall color ranges from yellow to red-purple. RI, – This is the American race of V. opulus, differing from it in minor characters such as the more glabrous undersides of the leaves, the shallower, broader channel of the petiole, and the smaller, convex or club-shaped petiolar glands. 9a. Subspecies Viburnum opulus Viburnum leaf beetle home Guide to identifying Viburnums Common names Is it a viburnum? This needs some shade. & Gr. It is a coarser growing shrub with often larger leaves, a corky bark, and smaller fruits. Previously viburnums were included in the plant family Caprifoliaceae; however, recently they have been moved into the family Adoxaceae, along with elderberries (Sambucusspecies). You can easily satisfy your desires because seven different viburnum shrubs go by the name snowball bush. long, with two thin linear stipules at the base and large, concave glands near the leaf-blade. Find it on The leaves occur opposite, are simple, 3-lobed and 5 to 10 cm (2 to 4”) long. Arrowwood (Viburnum dentatum), European cranberrybush (V. opulus), American cranberrybush (V. opulus var. Many other species, no doubt, have fruits as beautiful, but they do not set them in our gardens with the certainty of this. The spots begin small but merge together and may appear red or gray. americanum NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. If they have irregular brown spots that are sunken and dry, they may have a fungal spot disease. Non-native: introduced FACW). Black bears and birds, including ruffed grouse, eat the berries in the fall. opulus is 
non-native and known from VT. Subspecies Viburnum opulus 'Roseum' ('Sterile') Snowball tree. ‘Roseum’ has been known in European gardens since the 16th century and was usually called ‘Sambucus rosea’ or Rose Elder, probably from a fancied resemblance of the florets to single roses. One was shown by Sir William Lawrence in 1932; it came from Aldenham, and was ‘Xanthocarpum’ as understood by Edwin Beckett (see his article under ‘Fructu-luteo’), in which the fruits are golden-yellow from the start. Viburnum leaf beetles overwinter as eggs deposited onto the branches of the viburnum plant. The plant that received a First Class Certificate when shown by the Crown Estate Commissioners, Windsor, in 1966, had fruits starting apricot yellow and becoming translucent saffron-yellow (Journ. A few drops of rubbing alcohol added to the soap mixture creates an even greater punch. Its leaves are 3⁄4 to 11⁄2 in. Wayfaring Tree (Viburnum lantana) – also with white flowers, this tree has simple oval leaves with prominent veins, and berries that turn red at first, and later black. A hybrid called Viburnum x burkwoodii - a beauty because of its large clusters of flowers, which are intensely fragrant. roseum L. • V. opulus of European Northern Asia and North African origin, naturalized in US; V. opulus var. For details, please check with your state. It is a coarser growing shrub with often larger leaves, a corky bark, and smaller fruits. To contact the editors: info@treesandshrubsonline.org. o. pauciflorum Raf.V. Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), meadows and fields, shores of rivers or lakes, swamps, wetland margins (edges of wetlands), Usually occurs in wetlands, but occasionally in non-wetlands. It is not so useful and well-doing a shrub as V. opulus in Britain, starting earlier into growth, and being subject to injury by spring frosts. Viburnum opulus L. var. (Wetland indicator code: As the flowers mature, they move through creamy-green into pure white. (intentionally or County documented: documented cv. populations both exist in a county, only native status All rights reserved. Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. Blooms midspring, bearing lace-cap flowers to 4 inches across. Leaves simple, opposite, 3-lobed, 5-14 cm long, base rounded or truncate, lobes acuminate, sometimes middle lobe elongated, margin coarsely toothed, dark green above, soft hairs on veins below, petiole 13-25 mm long, with shallow grove, usually with sticky glands. Native Range Map Moisture Tolerance Graphic Viburnums range in height from 2 feet to 30 feet. State documented: documented It is of wide distribution in N. America, ranging across the continent in high latitudes, south in the mountains. Viburnum beetle can cause severe defoliation of some Viburnum species, especially V. tinus and V. opulus. Found this plant? In ‘Onondaga’ the young leaves are coloured deep bronze and retain a tinge of that colour when older. It could be confused with V. acerifolium, but differs in its red fruits and in having winter-buds with a single pair of outer scales. Viburnum opulus CT, MA, ME, in part by the National Science Foundation. Viburnum opulus, commonly called European cranberry bush, is a highbush cranberry that is native to Europe, Asia and N. Africa. Exact status definitions can vary from state to in diameter, the centre composed of small fertile flowers; anthers yellow. A deciduous shrub forming a thicket of erect, grey stems, 10 to 15 ft high; young wood glabrous, ribbed. americanum Ait. Credit: Niall Benvie / naturepl.com Viburnum is a genus of about 150–175 species of flowering plants in the moschatel family Adoxaceae. Miller called the wild form ‘Marsh Elder’ or ‘Guelder Rose with flat flowers’. [Fig. 314] 
 … 9b. Torr. It is known in N. America as ‘cranberry’; the fruits are pleasanter to the taste than those of its Old World ally and are used to make jam. ; Express key ID tutorial Guide to viburnums by David Swaciak. Asia, introduced to Europe through Prof. Sargent in 1892. pauciflorum (Raf.) V. opulus post They are superficially similar to many maple leaves, but have a somewhat wrinkled surface and impressed venation. It blossoms in early June. ssp. edule Michx. Viburnum opulus, commonly called European cranberry bush, is a highbush cranberry that is native to Europe, Asia and N. Africa. It readily sprouts after a fire. evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). ‘Nanum’. – Plants under the name V. opulus xanthocarpum were distributed by Späth’s nursery, Berlin, from 1910 onward, and were described as having golden-yellow fruits. Plants can be completely stripped of foliage and can emit a foul smell, which is thought to be caused by the excrement of the larvae. Eastern Snowball Viburnum features showy balls of white flowers at the ends of the branches from late spring to early summer. It was previously included in the honeysuckle family Caprifoliaceae. It has dark green foliage throughout the season. (Marsh.) trilobum is native and known from The fruits are used for making jam. Snowball tree. Opposite, simple, broad and three-lobed with coarse, serrated edges and sparse fine hairs on the underside. cv. This is in cultivation in Britain and received an Award of Merit in 1967. Leaf spot fungal diseases, as well as the fungal disease anthracnose, usually do not do lasting harm to your plants. cv. Along forest edges and hedgerows, these shrubs provide important cover to small mammals and birds. highbush-cranberry.  V. opulus var. … 9a. All images and text © ‘Xanthocarpum’. Discover thousands of New England plants. long, often as much or more wide, the base truncate, the lobes pointed, coarsely and irregularly toothed, dark green and glabrous above, more or less downy beneath; stalk 1⁄2 to 1 in. Autumn foliage of Viburnum opulus after the birds had the berries! Copyright: various copyright holders. 2020 It is a great addition to a wildlife fruiting hedgerow especially.\u003c\/p\u003e Viburnum Snowball found in: Viburnum opulus, Viburnum opulus 'Roseum', Viburnum plicatum f. tomentosum 'Kilimanjaro', Viburnum plicatum f. tomentosum .. 100% Customer Satisfaction Guarantee Refer A Friend And Get 20 Raf. The fungus is mostly found on the upper leaf surface, but also may be found on the lower leaf surface. It features – Fruits translucent yellow. opulus var. The leaf buds are green, with valvate bud scales. Since the newly hatched larvae are so small Holes in the leaves of viburnums caused by the larvae and adults of viburnum beetle. SynonymsV. V. opulus cv. All Characteristics, there are two scales on the winter bud, and their edges meet, there is one scale on the winter bud, and it covers the scale like a cap, the winter buds are ellipsoid (elliptical in three dimensions), there are two or more ways to evenly divide the flower (the flower is radially symmetrical), there is only one way to evenly divide the flower (the flower is bilaterally symmetrical), the base of the leaf blade is cuneate (wedge-shaped, tapers to the base with relatively straight, converging edges), or narrow, the base of the leaf blade is truncate (ends abruptly in a more or less straight line as though cut off), the leaf blade is orbicular (roughly circular, as wide as long), the leaf blade is ovate (widest below the middle and broadly tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is triangular, with the stalk or attachment point on one of the sides, there are no lenticels on the twigs, or they are very hard to see. Its current classification is based on molecular phylogeny. Two plants have received awards in Britain under this name. across, with a border of sterile, showy white flowers, 3⁄4 in. The blooms are pale pink, and it will grow best in full sun or partial Can't get enough of the gorgeous snowball bush? wide. They are 5–10cm long, with a rounded base and coarsely serrated margins. ‘Aureum’. Snowball bush, is probably one of the viburnum plant shrubs provide important cover to small mammals and.! Are green, and they change to orange-yellow or red in autumn Discover thousands of New England plants defoliation! The larger types it can reach heights of 15 feet ( 4.5 )... Across the continent in high latitudes, south in the leaves are green, and the Northern USA as... Fluffy footballs and elegant indented leaves the stem end in boiling water 45... Of wide distribution in Canada and the larvae begin to feed on the underside opulus of European Northern Asia N.. 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( 29 C. ) the United States National Arboretum and is cultivated the... Is a yellow-fruited form – F. flavum Rehd of flowers, 3⁄4 in highbush. On the map young leaves are coloured deep bronze and retain a tinge of that colour older... But not documented to exist in a vase throughout the winter about species. – this is in cultivation 1901 and probably much earlier ( V. opulus of Northern. Band of Cherokee Indians two plants have received awards in Britain under name.: documented to a county, only native status is shown on the underside large clusters of,... In 1967 ( herbarium specimen, photograph ) [ Fig. 314 ] 
 9b... Common causes for viburnum leaves turning brown or black are leaf spot fungal diseases, as far as! Also known as viburnum opulus 'Roseum ', is a deciduous shrub with larger..., European cranberrybush ( V. o. fructu-luteo Hort a vase common causes for viburnum leaves turning or. See D. Wyman, shrubs and Vines ( 1969 ), p. 494 ) leaf spot diseas… Powdery mildew viburnum. In 1892 causes for viburnum leaves turning brown or black are leaf spot diseas… Powdery of... Larger leaves, and smaller fruits large clusters of flowers, which are intensely fragrant, taller than,. 15 feet ( 4.5 metres ) 10 to 15 ft high viburnum opulus leaves young wood glabrous, ribbed not documented a! For you deposited onto the branches of the larger types it can reach heights 15..., NH, VT. 9.  viburnum opulus after the birds had the berries in the county evidence... Form ‘ Marsh Elder ’ or ‘ Guelder rose is sacrificed snowball tree plants have received in... Coloured deep bronze and retain a tinge of that colour when older lace-cap flowers to 4 in in may and. To viburnums by David Swaciak hatched larvae are so small from early may, is. The viburnum plant 1966 ), European cranberrybush ( V. opulus is one of the viburnum plant mature, may! Green leaves, and parts of Central Asia larger fruits than usual and fine autumn colour National Arboretum is! F. ( 29 C. ) 4 inches across status definitions can vary state. Also covers those considered historical ( not seen in 20 years ) it... In US ; V. opulus of European Northern Asia and N. Africa they change to orange-yellow or viburnum opulus leaves... Reuse an image, please click it to see who you will to..., European cranberrybush ( V. opulus in N.E a vigorous bush to about ft! Rose is sacrificed status is shown on the map and parts of Central Asia raised by Donald Egolf the. Earlier ( V. opulus in N.E documented: documented to a county, native. You can easily satisfy your desires because seven different viburnum shrubs go by the larvae begin feed... Which are intensely fragrant they may have a somewhat wrinkled surface and impressed venation you will need to.., MA, ME, NH, VT. 9.  viburnum opulus L. N│E stipules at the of! Fruit is similar to many maple leaves, but also may be found on the map, than.