His resistance and uniqueness of an all embracing system has resulted in an opulent variety of influence on modern philosophy and literature. The story of his life is a drama in four overlapping acts, each with its own distinctive crisis or “collision,” as he often referred to these events. Milan Petkanic, Filozofia , vol. It is supposed to be quite strange, the first part full of Don Juanism, skepticism, et cetera, and the second part toned down and conciliating, ending with a sermon that is said to be quite excellent. As long as Mynster, the family pastor from his childhood, was alive, Kierkegaard refrained from personal attacks. Kierkegaard's sociological work Two Ages: The Age of Revolution and the Present Age critiques modernity. Søren Kierkegaard was the seventh and last child of Michael Pedersen Kierkegaard, a wealthy businessman, and Ane Sørensdatter Lund, a household maid whom he first impregnated and then married within a year of his first wife’s death. After his death, his original manuscripts were bequeathed by his one-time fiancée, Regine Olsen for posterity. Søren Kierkegaard entered the University of Copenhagen in 1830. Like the German philosopher Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770–1831), whose system he would severely criticize, Kierkegaard entered university in order to study theology but devoted himself to literature and philosophy instead. In 1834 his mother died, and he began the famous journal that he would keep for 20 years. His father’s stern piety, deep melancholy, and profound sense of guilt greatly influenced Søren’s life and writings. They may have been contemporaries, but they developed their ideas in tremendously different circumstances and cultural backdrops. Although The Corsair had praised some of the pseudonymous works, Kierkegaard did not wish to see his own project confused with that of the newspaper, so he turned his satirical skills against it. Anthony Rudd's book Kierkegaard and the Limits of the Ethical and Alasdair MacIntyre's discussion of Kierkegaard in After Virtue and A Short History of Ethics did much to facilitate Kierkegaard's legacy in ethical thought in analytic philosophy. In his journals Kierkegaard called Sickness unto Death an “attack upon Christendom.” In a similar vein, Anti-Climacus, the pseudonymous author of Indøvelse i Christendom (1850; Training in Christianity), declared the need “again to introduce Christianity into Christendom.” This theme became more and more explicit as Kierkegaard resumed his writing career. He was the seventh and last child of wealthy hosier, Michael Pedersen Kierkegaard and Ane Sørensdatter Lund, a former household servant and distant cousin of Michael Kierkegaard. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. [1] Henriette Wulff, in a letter to Hans Christian Andersen, wrote, "Recently a book was published here with the title Either/Or! Categories: Religion. Despite his reference to an experience of “indescribable joy” in May of that year, it should not be assumed that his conversion was instantaneous. Although in the last year of his life he wrote, “I dare not call myself a Christian,” throughout his career it was Christianity that he sought to defend by rescuing it from cultural captivity, and it was a Christian person that he sought to become. In his journals, he wrote: "What the age needs is not a genius—it has had geniuses enough, but a martyr, who in order to teach men to obey would himself be obedient unto death. All references to Kierkegaard’s journals first give numbers in Søren Kierkegaard’s Journals and Papers followed by numbers in Søren Kierkegaards Papirer. Many 20th-century philosophers, both theistic and atheistic, drew concepts from Kierkegaard, including the notions of angst, despair, and the importance of the individual. The pseudonyms are best understood by analogy with characters in a novel, created by the actual author to embody distinctive worldviews; it is left to the reader to decide what to make of each one. Hegel emphasized universals; Kierkegaard argued for decision and commitment. Søren Kierkegaard “The function of prayer is not to influence God, but rather to change the nature of the one who prays.” ... For any feedback on the site or any questions on Kierkegaard’s writings or translations you might have, you’re welcome to use the contact form. "The book as a whole contains much information on the genesis of Existentialism and on Kierkegaard's role in it." On the other hand, he often stressed that conversion is a long process. [18] She then states that due to Kierkegaard's rampant use of Pseudonyms one must separate Kierkegaard from his Pseudonyms. [2] Since Kierkegaard was raised as a Lutheran,[3] he was commemorated as a teacher in the Calendar of Saints of the Lutheran Church on 11 November and in the Calendar of Saints of the Episcopal Church with a feast day on 8 September. He emphasized that Kierkegaard was for him “the best friend in Denmark”, whose “spirit reached to 20-21. Kierkegaard’s Christian philosophy may have been rejected by clergy, but he certainly influenced individual Christians who became enamored with his theology. He took his doctoral exams and wrote his dissertation, Om begrebet ironi med stadigt hensyn til Socrates (On the Concept of Irony, with Constant Reference to Socrates), completing it in June of 1841 and defending it in September. Schrempf's first translations appeared in 1890 and by 1922, he had completed translations of the entire set of Kierkegaard's published writings. He wrote critical texts on organized religion, Christendom, morality, ethics, psychology, and the philosophy of religion, displaying a fondness for metaphor, irony, and parables. Born on the 5th of May, 1813 in Copenhagen, he was the youngest child of seven to Michael and Ane Kierkegaard. "The Kierkegaard Library is a special collection that serves anyone interested in the writings and ideas of Søren Kierkegaard, the 19th-century Danish philosopher, and related thinkers. Books about The Burden of Søren Kierkegaard. Or as they're described in the paper as "players in a drama" with Kierkegaard as the director. It is actually supposed to be by a Kierkegaard who has adopted a pseudonym...."[1]. Søren Kierkegaard : biography 5 May 1813 – 11 November 1855 Influence Many 20th-century philosophers, both theistic and atheistic, and theologians drew concepts from Kierkegaard, including the notions of angst, despair, and the importance of the individual. Accordingly, he decided to publish Sygdommen til døden (1849; Sickness unto Death) under a pseudonym (as he had done with several previous works), lest anyone think he lived up to the ideal he there presented; likewise, the pseudonymous authors of his other works often denied that they possessed the faith they talked about. The final collision was with the Church of Denmark (Lutheran) and its leaders, the bishops J.P. Mynster and H.L. Søren Kierkegaard’s voluminous works, many of which were pseudonymous, included Either/Or (1843), Fear and Trembling (1844), Philosophical Fragments (1844), The Concept of Anxiety (1844), Stages on Life’s Way (1845), Concluding Unscientific Postscript (1846), Sickness unto Death (1849), and Training in Christianity (1850). Number of søren kierkegaard influenced by Jens Glebe-Moeller of science was inspired by Kierkegaard products of such processes by a who. Task of a number of Kierkegaard by Jens Glebe-Moeller it has not yet discussed... 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