Class 9 Political Science Notes CBSE Notes Class 9 Political Science (Civics) CBSE Class 9 Political Science is covered in the textbook, Democratic Politics-I and includes topics such as Constitutional Design, Electoral Politics, Democratic Rights and so on, spread across 5 Chapters. Zimbabwe attained independence from White minority rule in 1980 and from then the country has been ruled by the party that led the freedom struggle, ZANU-PF. However, for a small community, there can be other ways of making democratic decisions. 3. What is Democracy Why Democracy class 9 Notes Political Science. It recognises that the poorest and the least educated have the same status as the rich and the educated. NCERT Class 9 Science Notes contains physics, chemistry and biology notes of all chapters are part of Revision Notes for Class 9. 1. All people can sit together and make decisions directly. Each state is divided into a specific number of Assembly constituencies. It creates a sense of disunity and ‘factionalism’ in every locality. Students can just browse through these CBSE Notes Class 9 Political Science Chapter 1-What is Democracy? The representative elected from each constituency is called a Member of Parliament or an MP. He overthrew the democratically elected government and went on to become the President of the country. What is a democracy? When on election duty, government officers work under the control of the EC and not the government. Democracy works well when these institutions perform functions assigned to them. Who are the people who can elect the rulers or get elected as rulers? 2. Reading these examples we get a sense that we cannot. CBSE quick revision note for class 9 Political Science, Chemistry, Math’s, Biology and other subject are very helpful to revise the whole syllabus during exam days. What kind of election constitutes a democratic election? In 2002, he also held a referendum in the country that granted him a five-year extension. The revision notes covers all important formulas and concepts given in … The machine shows the names of the candidates and the party symbols. Such campaigns take place for a two-week period between the announcement of the final list of candidates and the date of polling. These differences are particularly more in a country like ours with amazing social diversity. Democracy enhances the dignity of citizens: Democracy is based on the principle of political equality. Independent candidates too have their own symbols, allotted by election officials. The candidate who secures the highest number of votes from a constituency is declared elected. But why is it so? CLASS-9 SOCIAL SCIENCE EXTRA QUESTIONS AND NOTES. The common form adopted by democracy is representative democracy. 1) Candidates and parties with a lot of money may not be sure of their victory but they do enjoy a big and unfair advantage over smaller parties and independents. 4. There was a law that limited the right to criticise the President. Democracy provides the only peaceful solution to this problem. Successful slogans given by different political parties in various elections are Garibi Hatao (by Indira Gandhi), Save Democracy (by Janata party), Land to the Tiller (west bengal assembly election), ‘Protect the Self-Respect of the Telugus’ (by N. T. Rama Rao). Karnataka State Syllabus Class 9 Social Science Political Science Chapter 4 Judicial System A democratic decision always involves many people, discussions and meetings and they are able to point out possible mistakes in any decision. Institutions make it difficult to have a good decision taken very quickly. The revision notes covers all … Apartheid . Parties and candidates often use dirty tricks to win elections. Democracy is based on a fundamental principle of political equality. Reason for this could be that India responded to the food scarcity in a way that the Chinese government did not. Anyone who can be a voter can also become a candidate in elections. There were independent newspapers but the government harassed those journalists who went against it and so on. In fact, in every two out of the three elections held in the last fifteen years, the ruling party lost. Your email address will not be published. On Election day every person whose name is on the voters’ list can go to a nearby ‘polling booth’, situated usually in a local school or a government office and cast their vote. and understand these concepts thoroughly. Definitely not a democratic government. This means that everyone should have one vote and every vote should have equal value. In the US, an incumbent or ‘sitting’ elected representative rarely loses an election. While China was hit badly, India did not fare as badly, despite its economic condition. Disclaimer | Chapter 1 from CBSE Class 9 Political Science textbook, Democratic Politics-I builds on a simple definition of democracy. Alternatively, since its independence in 1930, Mexico holds elections after every six years to elect its President. The only difference is that to be a candidate the minimum age is 25 years. Its leader. Fourth, the candidate preferred by the people should get elected. It also helps to distinguish between a minimal democracy and a good democracy. How do we resolve such a conflict? 25 lakhs in a constituency for a Lok Sabha election or Rs. • A democratic government rule within … CBSE Notes Class 9 Social Science Political Science Chapter 2-Constitutional Design Constitutional Design Democratic Constitution in South Africa . As new persons attain voting age names are added to the voters’ list. Local bodies are now reserved for Other Backward Classes (OBC) as well. Not a democratic government. In an election the voters make many choices: For Lok Sabha elections, the country is divided into 543 constituencies. Whatever you need to learn and study Class IX Political Science is available here. Preparing for IIT JEE or AIPMT or CA CPT, © Copyright Pivotal | Working of Institutions class 9 Notes Political Science in PDF are available for free download in myCBSEguide mobile app. Several arrangements are made in modern democracies which are called Institutions. During this period the candidates contact their voters, political leaders address election meetings and political parties mobilize their supporters. Nowadays electronic voting machines (EVM) are used to record votes. Required fields are marked *, Chapter 1 What Is Democracy Why Democracy. All the political parties in our country have agreed to a Model Code of Conduct for election campaigns. 3) Common people in India attach a lot of importance to elections. This provides an opportunity to the voters to make their decision based on the information provided by the candidates. According to our election law, no party or candidate can: Appeal to them in the name of caste or religion; Use government resources for election campaign; Spend more than Rs. EC takes decisions on every aspect of conduct and control of elections from the announcement of elections to the declaration of results. A majority is allowed to take decisions on behalf of all the people through their elected representatives. One out of every seven voters is a member of a political party. People belong to different regions, speak different languages, practise different religions and have different castes. Rulers elected by the people take all the major decisions, Elections offer a choice and fair opportunity to the people to change the current rulers, This choice and opportunity is available to all the people on an equal basis, The exercise of this choice leads to a government limited by basic rules of the constitution and citizens’ rights, Leaders keep changing in a democracy leading to instability, Democracy is all about political competition and power play, leaving no scope for morality, Many people have to be consulted in a democracy that leads to delays, Elected leaders do not know the best interest of the people, resulting in bad decisions, Democracy leads to corruption since it is based on electoral competition, Ordinary people don’t know what is good for them; they should not decide anything. Students get to learn about democracy as a form of government, thus helping them to identify a clear set of minimal features that democracy requires. Therefore, it very important to learn every topic clearly and at the same time, revise the subject thoroughly, in order to succeed in the exams. In this case, the elected representative is called the Member of Legislative Assembly or an MLA. Every citizen has the right to vote, regardless of his or her caste, religion or gender. The aim of the book is to help students understand clearly the bare minimum features of a democratic form of government. Find the link to download the PDF version of these notes Class 09 Social Science Electoral Politics – Get here the Notes for Class 09 Social Science Electoral Politics. Democracy is a form of government in which the rulers are elected by the people. Mechanism by which people can choose their representatives at regular intervals and change them if they wish to do so. Those who were in charge of the army of the country took over as rulers and people had no say in this decision. Newspapers and television reports often refer to allegations. In a democracy, no one is a permanent winner or loser. Institutions involve meetings, committees and routines. People use the word democracy not to describe any existing government but to set up an ideal standard that all democracies must aim to become. In democratic countries, all people do not rule. Keep Learning and stay tuned for more updates on CBSE and NCERT. After going through this chapter, you would be able to find the difference between a democratic form of government and a non-democratic government. Chapter Wise NCERT Class 11 Political Science Notes Pdf free download in hindi and english medium of Indian Constitution at Work and Political Theory was designed by expert teachers from latest edition of NCERT books to get good marks in board exams. Political competition may cause divisions and some ugliness, but it Similarly, one-third of the seats are reserved in rural and urban local bodies for women candidates. Before contesting elections, a candidate needs the approval of the Chinese Communist Party. Download the BYJU’S App and subscribe to YouTube channel to access interactive Maths and Science videos. Democratic government rules within limits set by constitutional law and citizens’ rights. One person, one vote, one value one value. But the final power rested with military officers and General Musharraf himself. But until 2000 every election was won by a party called PRI (Institutional Revolutionary Party). Democracy must be based on a free and fair election where those currently in power have a fair chance of losing. Rulers have to change their decisions or they could themselves be changed. Detailed NCERT Solutions are prepared by experienced Teachers. CBSE Class 9 Science Notes - Chapter wise PDF Class 9 is the foundation for students’ higher education. Currently, in the Lok Sabha, 84 seats are reserved for the Scheduled Castes and 47 for the Scheduled Tribes. It implements the Code of Conduct and punishes any candidate or party that violates it. It is necessary to have a free and open discussion about who is a better representative, which party will make a better government or what is a good policy. In a democratic election, the list of those who are eligible to vote is prepared much before the election and given to everyone. This also applies to monarchies. 3) Some families tend to dominate political parties; tickets are distributed to relatives from these families. Serious criminal cases pending against the candidate; Details of the assets and liabilities of the candidate and his or her family; Education qualifications of the candidate. This list is officially called the Electoral Roll and is commonly known as the Voters’ List. Hence, we can deduce that democracy is a form of government in which: From these arguments, we can see that democracy of the kind we see, may not be the ideal form of government. Get a clear and concise overview of the concepts covered in Chapter 2 of CBSE Class 9 Political Science textbook by referring to the CBSE Notes Class 9 Political Science Chapter 2 Constitutional Design. Political parties nominate their candidates who get the party symbol and support. Apartheid is a system of racial discrimination unique to South Africa imposed by the white Europeans. Once the polling is over, all the EVMs are sealed and taken to a secure place. This contrasts with western democracies. From the non-democratic government, take the example of Myanmar, where rulers were not elected by the people. The feature of democracy this highlights is that in a democracy, each adult citizen must have one vote and in turn, each vote must have one value. Finally, what form of government is a democracy? During the election period, the EC can order the government to follow some guidelines, to prevent use and misuse of governmental power to enhance its chances to win elections, or to transfer some government officials. Fifth, elections should be conducted in a free and fair manner where people can choose as they really wish. This is possible only when you have the best CBSE Class 09 Social Science study material and a smart preparation plan. The Chief Election Commissioner (CEC) is appointed by the President of India. Democracy provides a method to deal with differences and conflicts: In any society, people are bound to have differences of opinions and interests. It makes space for public discussion on these mistakes. a) Class 9 Political Science NCERT book has been designed by the expert Political Science teachers after major research on all topics. Candidates who are known to have spent a lot of money on ‘buying votes’ and those with known criminal connections often lose elections. 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