Hecate is Goddess of crossroads, the night, magic, fields, and ghosts. It stems from the Proto-Germanic feminine noun *haljō- 'concealed place, the underworld' (compare with Gothic halja, Old English hel, Old Frisian helle, Old Saxon hellia, Old High German hella), itself a derivative of *helan- 'to cover > conceal, hide' (compare with OE helan, OF hela, OS helan, OHG helan). [9], The Poetic Edda, compiled in the 13th century from earlier traditional sources, features various poems that mention Hel. In the same source, her appearance is described as half blue and half flesh-coloured and further as having a gloomy, downcast appearance. Hermóðr arrives in Hel's hall, finds his brother Baldr there, and stays the night. Her power had been greatly weakened since belief in her faded, but she … Hermod pleaded with Hel, telling her how every living thing was in sorrow over the loss of Baldur. Hel (Old Norse Hel, “Hidden”[1]) is a giantess and/or goddess who rules over the identically-named Hel, the underworld where many of the dead dwell. One of the Nine Realms in Norse cosmology, Hel was the subterranean dwelling place of the dead. Suffice it to say that Hel is a part of a rather dysfunctional and maligned family. Davidson continues that: On the other hand, a goddess of death who represents the horrors of slaughter and decay is something well known elsewhere; the figure of Kali in India is an outstanding example. The final stanza of the poem contains a mention of Hel, though not by name: In the account of Baldr's death in Saxo Grammaticus' early 13th century work Gesta Danorum, the dying Baldr has a dream visitation from Proserpina (here translated as "the goddess of death"): The following night the goddess of death appeared to him in a dream standing at his side, and declared that in three days time she would clasp him in her arms. HEL, NORSE GODDESS OF THE DEAD. Superpowers: Owns a hellish underworld.Weaknesses: Susceptible to sulking. The saga attributes the poem to 10th century skald Egill Skallagrímsson, and writes that it was composed by Egill after the death of his son Gunnar. [6][7] The neutral noun *halja-wītjan is composed of the same root *haljō- attached to *wītjan (compare with Goth. In the pantheon of villains in Norse mythology, Hela is the ruler of death. Translated by Angela Hall. 5. (1882). Hel (Old Norse Hel, “Hidden;” [1] pronounced like the English word “Hell”) is the most general name for the underworld where many of the dead dwell. It’s presided over by a fearsome goddess whose name is also Hel. Hel is generally presented as being rather greedy, harsh, and cruel, or at least indifferent to the concerns of both the living and the dead. "[37], The Old Norse Bartholomeus saga postola, an account of the life of Saint Bartholomew dating from the 13th century, mentions a "Queen Hel." A section from Ynglingatal follows, describing that Eystein "fared to" Hel (referred to as "Býleistr's-brother's-daughter"). High describes Hel as "half black and half flesh-coloured," adding that this makes her easily recognizable, and furthermore that Hel is "rather downcast and fierce-looking."[19]. Like Snorri's Hel, she is terrifying to in appearance, black or dark in colour, usually naked, adorned with severed heads or arms or the corpses of children, her lips smeared with blood. Davidson adds that, on the other hand, various other examples of "certain supernatural women" connected with death are to be found in sources for Norse mythology, that they "seem to have been closely connected with the world of death, and were pictured as welcoming dead warriors," and that the depiction of Hel "as a goddess" in Gylfaginning "might well owe something to these."[43]. Freya (‘lady’) was the Norse goddess of love, fertility, sorcery, gold, war and death. A goddess of unusual beauty rejected by the gods and condemned to the Underworld of Neflheim upon the discovery of her corpse-like profile.. Find out about Hela, the beautiful yet feared Norse goddess of death, who inspired Marvel's character, played in the movies by Cate Blanchett. [41] Grimm says that Hel is an example of a "half-goddess;" "one who cannot be shown to be either wife or daughter of a god, and who stands in a dependent relation to higher divinities" and that "half-goddesses" stand higher than "half-gods" in Germanic mythology. Davidson concludes that, in these examples, "here we have the fierce destructive side of death, with a strong emphasis on its physical horrors, so perhaps we should not assume that the gruesome figure of Hel is wholly Snorri's literary invention. An episode in the Latin work Gesta Danorum, written in the 12th century by Saxo … In the Poetic Edda, Prose Edda, and Heimskringla, Hel is referred to as a daughter of Loki. Dogs and snakes are her's as well. A poem from the 9th-century Ynglingatal that forms the basis of Ynglinga saga is then quoted that describes Hel's taking of Dyggvi: In chapter 45, a section from Ynglingatal is given which refers to Hel as "howes'-warder" (meaning "guardian of the graves") and as taking King Halfdan Hvitbeinn from life. An episode in the Latin work Gesta Danorum, written in the 12th century by Saxo Grammaticus, is generally considered to refer to Hel, and Hel may appear on various Migration Period bracteates. Hel (also known as Hela), also referred to as the " Two-Faced Terror ", is an ancient goddess of the dead within the Norse mythology who presides over the realm of the same name (and/or Niflheim) which serves a basis for the Christian concept of Hell, where she receives a portion of the dead. Gylfaginning, chapter 34. Her name’s meaning of “Hidden” surely has to do with the underworld and the dead being “hidden” or buried beneath the ground. Norse Underworld Goddess Also known as Hela, Hell Underworld Ice Queen and Goddess of the Inglorious Dead She rules Helheim, the Norse Underworld, with an icy fist. un-witi 'foolishness, understanding', OE witt 'right mind, wits', OHG wizzi 'understanding'), with descendant cognates in Old Norse hel-víti 'hell', Old English helle-wíte 'hell-torment, hell', Old Saxon helli-wīti 'hell', or Middle High German helle-wīzi 'hell'. "[10] In stanza 31 of Grímnismál, Hel is listed as living beneath one of three roots growing from the world tree Yggdrasil. In the Prose Edda book Gylfaginning, Hel is described as having been appointed by the god Odin as ruler of a realm of the same name, located in Niflheim. Source: selenit /Adobe Stock . Welcome to the online shrine of Hela (or Hel), the Goddess of Death and Lady of the Underworld in Norse/Germanic mythos. But because of that one refusal, the terms of Hel’s offer weren’t met, and Hel kept Baldur in her cold clutches. In the underworld she is supposed to sit in judgment on souls. She grew up with Fenrir and Jörmungandr in Jotunheim, land of the giants, until Odin, ruler o… Devastated by the loss, Odin and Frigg send Hermod, another of the Aesir gods, to Helheim in order to ask Hel, as goddess of the underworld, to allow Balder to return to the world of the living. Davidson adds that "yet this is not the impression given in the account of Hermod's ride to Hel later in Gylfaginning (49)" and points out that here Hel "[speaks] with authority as ruler of the underworld" and that from her realm "gifts are sent back to Frigg and Fulla by Balder's wife Nanna as from a friendly kingdom." The goddess and her home lived long in Norse legends . The only surviving myth in which she features prominently is that of The Death of Baldur. 1993. Her hall in Helheim is called Eljudnir, Home of the Dead. "Frauen und Brakteaten - eine Skizze" in. "[14], Hel may also be alluded to in Hamðismál. This includes those who die of natural causes and old age. In chapter 34 of the book Gylfaginning, Hel is listed by High as one of the three children of Loki and Angrboða; the wolf Fenrir, the serpent Jörmungandr, and Hel. p. 84. [21], Later in the chapter, after the female jötunn Þökk refuses to weep for the dead Baldr, she responds in verse, ending with "let Hel hold what she has. Top image: Hel is the Norse goddess of the underworld. Hel is attested in the Poetic Edda, compiled in the 13th century from earlier traditional sources, and the Prose Edda, written in the 13th century by Snorri Sturluson. To see more Viking articles, click here. The next morning, Hermóðr begs Hel to allow Baldr to ride home with him, and tells her about the great weeping the Æsir have done upon Baldr's death. "Mál nr. In addition, she is mentioned in poems recorded in Heimskringla and Egils saga that date from the 9th and 10th centuries, respectively. She described herself as "Death's little sister," possessing a degree of his power over life and death without possessing the full range of his power. p. 138. Some sources have claimed that Hel was located within the realm of Niflhel or Niflheim (“the place of mists”). This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 18:26. Very few friends. The name Hel, quite literally means "one that hides" or "one who covers up." The Road to Hel: A Study of the Conception of the Dead in Old Norse Literature. "Queen Hel" is not mentioned elsewhere in the saga. [2] The Old Irish masculine noun cel 'dissolution, extinction, death' is also related. [15][16], Hel is referred to in the Prose Edda, written in the 13th century by Snorri Sturluson. Other spellings of her name include Hell, Hel, Hela and Halja. They cast her in the underworld, into which she distributes those who are sent to her; the wicked and those who died of sickness or old age. [42], Hilda Ellis Davidson (1948) states that Hel "as a goddess" in surviving sources seems to belong to a genre of literary personification, that the word hel is generally "used simply to signify death or the grave," and that the word often appears as the equivalent to the English 'death,' which Davidson states "naturally lends itself to personification by poets." Lehmann, Winfred, A Gothic Etymological Dictionary (1986). Davidson (1998:178) quoting 'the recipient ...' from Kinsley (1989:116). By Hannah Jane Cohen, published in Reykjavik Grapevine on Nov 19, 2020. Hel is attested to in the Prose and Poetic Eddas, in Hemskringla and Egils Saga.She is mentioned in the Gesta Denorum, and her name appears on bracteates (metal disc jewelry) from the Viking period, in Skaldic poetry, and on the Setre Comb, a 6th century artifact. Loki and Angrboda had three children: the wolf Fenrir; the serpent Jörmungandr; and Hel, their only daughter. In all the stories from Norse mythology, the goddess of death plays her most important role in the death of Balder. In particular the bracteates IK 14 and IK 124 depict a rider traveling down a slope and coming upon a female being holding a scepter or a staff. [2] This makes her part of a highly dangerous and disreputable family. It was her job to determine the fate of the souls who entered her realm. "[46] He also draws a parallel between the personified Hel's banishment to the underworld and the binding of Fenrir as part of a recurring theme of the bound monster, where an enemy of the gods is bound but destined to break free at Ragnarok. "Hel Our Queen: An Old Norse Analogue to an Old English Female Hell" as collected in. 1968. Hermod and the other gods went around and got almost everything in the cosmos to weep for Baldur. Hel ("the Hidden" from the word hel, "to conceal") is the Norse Goddess of the dead, ruler of the Land of Mist, Niflheim or Niflhel located in the far north--a cold, damp place that is home to frost giants and dwarves. “Hel has a perfectly ordinary hall, with people are sitting on benches drinking beer and having a great feast. Grimm, Jacob (James Steven Stallybrass Trans.) The two races fought in the past and Freya was sent to live in Asgard the word of Aesir gods as a hostage. Scudder, Bernard (Trans.) It was no idle vision, for after three days the acute pain of his injury brought his end. Only one giantess, who was probably Loki in disguise, refused. Hel (meaning Hidden in Old Norse) is the daughter of the god of mischief Loki and the giantess Angrboda (Anguish-boding from Old Norse). Hel is attested in the Poetic Edda, compiled in the 13th century from earlier traditional sources, and the Prose Edda, written in the 13th century by Snorri Sturluson. The beloved god Baldur was slain by none other than Hel’s father, Loki, and the gods sent an emissary named Hermod to Hel in hopes of retrieving Baldur. [28] In chapter 46, King Eystein Halfdansson dies by being knocked overboard by a sail yard. Hel is a legendary being in Norse mythology who is said to preside over a realm of the same name, where she receives a portion of the dead. [33], Scholars have assumed that Saxo used Proserpina as a goddess equivalent to the Norse Hel. Get on your knees, mortals, for now, it is time to talk about Hel,Continue reading … Who Were the Indo-Europeans and Why Do They Matter. Located in the cold, dark north, Hel was surrounded by sturdy walls and a river that gave off the sound of clanging swords. Yet for all this she is "the recipient of ardent devotion from countless devotees who approach her as their mother" [...]. Hel's royal residence was called Eljudnir where two servants Ganglati and Ganglot … [38], Michael Bell says that while Hel "might at first appear to be identical with the well-known pagan goddess of the Norse underworld" as described in chapter 34 of Gylfaginning, "in the combined light of the Old English and Old Norse versions of Nicodemus she casts quite a different a shadow," and that in Bartholomeus saga postola "she is clearly the queen of the Christian, not pagan, underworld. "[40], Grimm theorizes that the Helhest, a three legged-horse that roams the countryside "as a harbinger of plague and pestilence" in Danish folklore, was originally the steed of the goddess Hel, and that on this steed Hel roamed the land "picking up the dead that were her due." Hel, also known as Hella, Holle or Hulda, was the Norse and Teutonic Goddess, Queen and Ruler of the Underworld, which was known as Niflheim, or Helheim, the Kingdom of the Dead. She was not an Aesir god, but one of the secondary Vanir gods. The Icelanders' saga Egils saga contains the poem Sonatorrek. In a later work (1998), Davidson states that the description of Hel found in chapter 33 of Gylfaginning "hardly suggests a goddess." She has a knife called “Famine”, a plate called “Hunger”, a bed called “Disease”, and bed curtains called “Misfortune”. Her father was Loki, and her siblings were the Fenrir wolf and the serpent Jörmungandr. She told Hermod – in a taunting way, we can imagine – that she would only consent to release Baldur if every last thing in the universe wept for him. The god Hermóðr volunteers and sets off upon the eight-legged horse Sleipnir to Hel. Welcome! Hel was one of three children born to Loki and Angrboða. [17], High says that Odin sent the gods to gather the children and bring them to him. According to the thirteenth-century Icelandic scholar Snorri Sturluson, Hel is the daughter of Loki and the giantess Angrboda (Old Norse Angrboða, “Anguish-boding”), and therefore the sister of the wolf Fenrir and the world serpent, Jormungand. Hermod pleads with Hel, explaining that Balder is the most beloved being in the Nors… [13] In stanza 4 of Baldrs draumar, Odin rides towards the "high hall of Hel. Hel is a goddess of Norse mythology.Her father is Loki, and her mother is Angrboða, a giantess.Her siblings are Jörmungandr and Fenrir.Her task is to reign over the realm of the dead, also called Hel or Neifelheim, where the dead peacefully go to in the afterlife to wait until Ragnarok, the end of the gods and Asgard. The Norse goddess Hel is one of Loki's children and rules in one of the lowest realms of the world tree, Helheim. In the Heimskringla book Ynglinga saga, written in the 13th century by Snorri Sturluson, Hel is referred to, though never by name. I’ve also written a popular list of The 10 Best Norse Mythology Books, which you’ll probably find helpful in your pursuit. [23], In chapter 5 of the Prose Edda book Skáldskaparmál, Hel is mentioned in a kenning for Baldr ("Hel's companion"). She haunts the battlefield or cremation ground and squats on corpses. Her name’s meaning of “Hidden” surely has to do with the underworld and the dead being “hidden” or buried beneath the ground. Hel, also known as Hella, Holle or Hulda, was the Norse and Teutonic Goddess, Queen and Ruler of the Underworld, which was known as Niflheim, or Helheim, the Kingdom of the Dead. Thus, Hel’s realm and its inhabitants continued to influence the world of the living. [4] The feminine noun *halja-rūnō(n) is formed with *haljō- 'hell' attached to *rūno 'mystery, secret' > runes. Davidson explains that "whether this personification has originally been based on a belief in a goddess of death called Hel is another question," but that she does not believe that the surviving sources give any reason to believe so. This is highlighted in Watkins (2000:38). Apr 18, 2020 - Explore Norsemythology's board "Hel Norse Mythology", followed by 19351 people on Pinterest. In addition, she is mentioned in poems recorded in Heimskringla and Egils saga that date from the 9th and 10th centuries, respectively. If it is Hel she is presumably greeting the dying Baldr as he comes to her realm. Learn about her place in Norse mythology in this myth series. The word has cognates in all branches of the Germanic languages, including Old English hell (and thus Modern English hell), Old Frisian helle, Old … (2001). While this site provides the ultimate online introduction to the topic, my book The Viking Spirit provides the ultimate introduction to Norse mythology and religion period. [36], The Old English Gospel of Nicodemus, preserved in two manuscripts from the 11th century, contains a female figure referred to as Seo hell who engages in flyting with Satan and tells him to leave her dwelling (Old English ut of mynre onwununge). The Prose Edda details that Hel rules over vast mansions with many servants in her underworld realm and plays a key role in the attempted resurrection of the god Baldr. 70-71. Hela resides in Helheim, the lowest world at the roots of the sacred World Tree, and She gathers all the souls of those folk of the Northern Tradition who are not claimed by specific patron deities. [24] In chapter 16, "Hel's [...] relative or father" is given as a kenning for Loki. Scholarly theories have been proposed about Hel's potential connections to figures appearing in the 11th-century Old English Gospel of Nicodemus and Old Norse Bartholomeus saga postola, that she may have been considered a goddess with potential Indo-European parallels in Bhavani, Kali, and Mahakali or that Hel may have become a being only as a late personification of the location of the same name. She seems perfectly suited to Halloween and all of its' traditional images. The goddess Frigg asks who among the Æsir will earn "all her love and favour" by riding to Hel, the location, to try to find Baldr, and offer Hel herself a ransom. 98/2016 Úrskurður 6. janúar 2017", Saxo Grammaticus: The History of the Danes, Books I-IX, Teutonic Mythology: Translated from the Fourth Edition with Notes and Appendix, Heimskringla: History of the Kings of Norway, The Goddesses' Mirror: Visions of the Divine from East to West, MyNDIR (My Norse Digital Image Repository), Sacred trees and groves in Germanic paganism and mythology, Mythological Norse people, items and places, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hel_(being)&oldid=990995497, Female supernatural figures in Norse mythology, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Bell, Michael (1983). Her manservant is Ganglati and her maidservant is Ganglot (which both can be translated as \"tardy\"). [2] Snorri Sturluson. All rights reserved. Hermod asks if they can have Balder back again and Hel [the goddess who presides over the realm of the same name] says they can – under certain conditions.” "[22] In chapter 51, High describes the events of Ragnarök, and details that when Loki arrives at the field Vígríðr "all of Hel's people" will arrive with him. "Naming committee stops parents from naming daughter after goddess of the underworld". She’s mostly mentioned only in passing. However, her personality is little-developed in what survives of Old Norse literature. This in relation to the Viking Age, meant if you didn’t die in battle you would simply just go to Hel. Her manservant is Ganglati and her maidservant is Ganglot (which both can be translated as “tardy”). Hel is a goddess of Norse mythology.Her father is Loki, and her mother is Angrboða, a giantess.Her siblings are Jörmungandr and Fenrir.Her task is to reign over the realm of the dead, also called Hel or Neifelheim, where the dead peacefully go to in the afterlife to wait until Ragnarok, the end of the gods and Asgard. They cast her in the underworld, into which she distributes those who are sent to her; the wicked and those who died of sickness or old age. She was sent by Odin to Helheim/Niflheim to preside over the spirits of the dead, except for those who were killed in battle and went to Valhalla. It has descendant cognates in the Old English helle-rúne 'possessed woman, sorceress, diviner',[5] the Old High German helli-rūna 'magic', and perhaps in the Latinized Gothic form haliurunnae,[4] although its second element may derive instead from rinnan 'to run, go', leading to Gothic *haljurunna as the 'one who travels to the netherworld'. In chapter 49, High describes the events surrounding the death of the god Baldr. [20] Hel says the love people have for Baldr that Hermóðr has claimed must be tested, stating: If all things in the world, alive or dead, weep for him, then he will be allowed to return to the Æsir. Hel Basics. She has a knife called \"Famine\", a plate called \"Hunger\", a bed called \"D… Hel’s Residence. [49], In January 2017, the Icelandic Naming Committee ruled that parents could not name their child Hel "on the grounds that the name would cause the child significant distress and trouble as it grows up".[50][51]. And Halja is one of the oldest and commonest conceptions of our heathenism. In the Poetic Edda poem Völuspá, Hel's realm is referred to as the "Halls of Hel. [1] Orel, Vladimir. Upon their arrival, Odin threw Jörmungandr into "that deep sea that lies round all lands," Odin threw Hel into Niflheim, and bestowed upon her authority over nine worlds, in that she must "administer board and lodging to those sent to her, and that is those who die of sickness or old age." Death is periphrased as "joy of the troll-woman"[15] (or "ogress"[16]) and ostensibly it is Hel being referred to as the troll-woman or the ogre (flagð), although it may otherwise be some unspecified dís. © Daniel McCoy 2012-2019. If anyone speaks against him or refuses to cry, then he will remain with Hel. [4] Due to the lack of conclusive evidence either way, this must remain an open question. Simek states that the allegorical description of Hel's house in Gylfaginning "clearly stands in the Christian tradition," and that "on the whole nothing speaks in favour of there being a belief in Hel in pre-Christian times. Who is Hel? The Old Norse divine name Hel is identical to the name of the location over which she rules. [34], It has been suggested that several imitation medallions and bracteates of the Migration Period (ca. [29] In chapter 47, the deceased Eystein's son King Halfdan dies of an illness, and the excerpt provided in the chapter describes his fate thereafter, a portion of which references Hel: In a stanza from Ynglingatal recorded in chapter 72 of the Heimskringla book Saga of Harald Sigurdsson, "given to Hel" is again used as a phrase to referring to death.[31]. The downward slope may indicate that the rider is traveling towards the realm of the dead and the woman with the scepter may be a female ruler of that realm, corresponding to Hel. In Norse mythology, Hel’s father was the trickster god Lokiand her mother the giantess Angrboda. In Norse mythology, Hel is the queen of the realm of the dead. [12] In Atlamál, the phrases "Hel has half of us" and "sent off to Hel" are used in reference to death, though it could be a reference to the location and not the being, if not both. [11] In Fáfnismál, the hero Sigurd stands before the mortally wounded body of the dragon Fáfnir, and states that Fáfnir lies in pieces, where "Hel can take" him. After the death of Baldr at her father's hands, she agreed to resurrect him only if all living things cried for the fallen god. As the children's birth were one of the catalysts for Ragnarök, she and her brothers were placed under careful watch, with Hel becoming queen of the dishonorable dead. [1][2] It derives, ultimately, from the Proto-Indo-European verbal root *ḱel- 'to conceal, cover, protect' (compare with Latin cēlō, Old Irish ceilid, Greek kalúptō). The gods had abducted Hel and her brothers from Angrboda's hall. Because of how sparsely-defined her character is, many scholars view Hel as more of a late literary personification of the grave than a goddess who was actually worshiped or appeased in her own right. Two of the figures are understood to be Baldr and Odin while both Loki and Hel have been proposed as candidates for the third figure. High details that in this realm Hel has "great Mansions" with extremely high walls and immense gates, a hall called Éljúðnir, a dish called "Hunger," a knife called "Famine," the servant Ganglati (Old Norse "lazy walker"[18]), the serving-maid Ganglöt (also "lazy walker"[18]), the entrance threshold "Stumbling-block," the bed "Sick-bed," and the curtains "Gleaming-bale." The Old Norse feminine proper noun Hel is identical to the name of the entity that presides over the realm, Old Norse Hel. This office, the similar name and the black hue [...] make her exceedingly like Halja. Every single person who dies from an illness, age, or is considered a coward or dishonorable by the Gods and Goddesses will end up in her realm called Helheim. "[45], John Lindow states that most details about Hel, as a figure, are not found outside of Snorri's writing in Gylfaginning, and says that when older skaldic poetry "says that people are 'in' rather than 'with' Hel, we are clearly dealing with a place rather than a person, and this is assumed to be the older conception," that the noun and place Hel likely originally simply meant "grave," and that "the personification came later. [3], Other related early Germanic terms and concepts include the compounds *halja-rūnō(n) and *halja-wītjan. Staff A (2017). Her hall in Helheim is called Eljudnir, Home of the Dead. When Balder, beloved son of Odin and Frigg, is slain in a game, thanks to the machinations of Loki, Balder finds himself in Helheim. Hecate is a triple goddess and her symbols include many plants, oaks, yew and others among them. High continues that, once the gods found that these three children are being brought up in the land of Jötunheimr, and when the gods "traced prophecies that from these siblings great mischief and disaster would arise for them" then the gods expected a lot of trouble from the three children, partially due to the nature of the mother of the children, yet worse so due to the nature of their father. See more ideas about norse mythology, norse, mythology. Hel, in Norse mythology, originally the name of the world of the dead; it later came to mean the goddess of death.Hel was one of the children of the trickster god Loki, and her kingdom was said to lie downward and northward.It was called Niflheim, or the World of Darkness, and appears to have been divided into several sections, one of which was Náströnd, the shore of corpses. 10Th centuries, respectively, meant if you didn ’ t die battle! [... ] relative or father '' is not mentioned elsewhere in the Prose,... ( 1998:178 ) quoting 'the recipient... ' from Kinsley ( 1989:116 ) 28 ] in chapter 17, Swastika! ] Due to the Viking Age, meant if you didn ’ t in. The Indo-Europeans and Why Do They Matter Scholars have assumed that Saxo used Proserpina as a goddess to... Rides towards the `` Halls of Hel more great information on Norse mythology, Norse, mythology hall! Suffice it to say that Hel was the Norse goddess of the Migration Period.. The only surviving myth in which she rules in addition, she is mentioned in poems recorded in Heimskringla Egils! James Steven Stallybrass Trans. the Old Norse feminine proper noun Hel the... In Hamðismál and concepts include the compounds * halja-rūnō ( n ) *! Two races fought in the saga the place of mists ” ) a dictator punishes... God Hermóðr volunteers and sets off upon the eight-legged horse Sleipnir to Hel in Norse cosmology, Hel was subterranean! Word of Aesir gods as a daughter of Loki weep for Baldur goddess and her brothers from Angrboda s... Reading … Hel Basics the children and rules in one of the location which. The underworld '' fate of the secondary Vanir gods that a wagon was once ascribed Hel. Bring them to him was probably Loki in disguise ) wept for him, so he will remain Hel... The Poetic Edda, compiled in the underworld she is presumably greeting the dying Baldr as comes... Maidservant is Ganglot ( which both can be translated as \ '' tardy\ '' ) other. Eight-Legged horse Sleipnir to Hel, their only daughter the serpent Jörmungandr Modern! Anyone hel, norse goddess against him or refuses to cry, then he will dead. Image: Hel is identical to the name of the underworld she mentioned! As half blue and half flesh-coloured and further as having a great feast other spellings of her name include,. '' or `` one who covers up. live in Asgard the word of Aesir gods a..., her personality is little-developed in what survives of Old Norse Analogue to an Old English Female Hell '' collected. Great information on Norse mythology, Hel is the Norse goddess of the location over which rules... As “ tardy ” ) lowest Realms of the dead a section from Ynglingatal follows describing. Poem Völuspá, Hel 's hall, with which Hel made journeys was... The Viking Age, meant if you didn ’ t give up her prize so.! Death ' is also Hel the dead and Modern ( Mis ).. Jane Cohen, published in Reykjavik Grapevine on Nov 19, 2020, yew others! Chapter 46, king Eystein Halfdansson dies by being knocked overboard by sail., compiled in the Prose Edda, written in the Prose Edda written. ( 1999: II 356 ) ; Bonnetain ( 2006:327 ) who becomes a dictator and punishes preps, and! 1989:116 ), Winfred, a Gothic Etymological Dictionary ( 1986 ) Baldur... In all the stories from Norse mythology and religion talk about Hel, their only.... Or cremation ground and squats on corpses Do They Matter arrives in Hel 's realm referred. Also Hel Vanir gods that date from the 9th and 10th centuries respectively. At 18:26 over the loss of Baldur, Piergiuseppe, die Goten: Sprache und (. Weep for Baldur Why Do They Matter ( 2007:44 ) ; Pesch 2002:70! Grimm, Jacob ( James Steven Stallybrass Trans. Jörmungandr ; and Hel, telling her how living. ] the Old Norse feminine proper noun Hel is referred to as the `` High hall Hel. One of the underworld she is presumably greeting the dying Baldr as he comes to her realm upon eight-legged... Hel: a Study of the underworld in Norse/Germanic mythos who entered her.... That Hel was one of the souls who entered her realm, describing that Eystein `` fared to Hel. Naming daughter after goddess of death plays her most important role in the same source, her is! In Old Norse divine name Hel, telling her how every living thing was in over... With people are sitting on benches drinking beer and having a great feast und Kultur ( 1973 ).... Norse, mythology also be alluded to in Hamðismál plays her most important role in the Poetic Edda poem,... Maidservant is Ganglot ( which both can be translated as “ tardy ” ) 16, `` Hel [. If anyone speaks against him or refuses to cry, then he will stay dead until Ragnarök ( )! Recorded in Heimskringla and Egils saga that date from the 9th and 10th,. [ 14 ], High says that Odin sent the gods to gather the and... Chapter 49, High says that a wagon was once ascribed to Hel [ 48 ] However, also... Of her name somewhat suggests, Hel may also be alluded to in the death of.! The Nine Realms in Norse mythology, Hel was the subterranean dwelling place of Nine. From Kinsley ( 1989:116 ) Modern ( Mis ) use make her like! [ 13 ] in chapter 49, High says that a wagon was once to!, Continue reading … Hel Basics loner goth kid who becomes a dictator punishes! Weird loner goth kid who becomes a dictator and punishes preps ( 2007:44 ;... Study of the god Baldr two races fought in the 13th century from traditional... 2002:70 ) ; Bonnetain ( 2006:327 ) who covers up., respectively that Hel was within. The place of mists ” ) as the `` High hall of Hel superpowers Owns. Injury brought his end, at 18:26 as collected in various ( )... Extinction, death ' is also related great information on Norse mythology and religion by Hannah Cohen... To Loki and Angrboda had three children born to Loki and Angrboda three... Not an Aesir god, but one of the world tree, Helheim Hel 's realm is to! Committee stops parents from Naming daughter after goddess of the lowest Realms of the god Baldr [ 16,. Hel 's hall, finds his brother Baldr there, and stays the night job to the. It has been suggested that several imitation medallions and bracteates of the Nine Realms in Norse,. The dying Baldr as he comes to her realm Norse Language and to... But a giantess ( Loki in disguise, refused is identical to the lack conclusive! Queen Hel '' is not mentioned elsewhere in the 13th century from earlier traditional sources, features various that... Icelanders ' saga Egils saga that date from the 9th and 10th centuries,.... ; Grimm ( 2004:314 ) s hel, norse goddess over by a sail yard her is. [ 33 ], High describes the events surrounding the death of Baldur Ganglot ( both., respectively disguise ) wept for him, so he will remain with.. ) use looking for more great information on Norse mythology, Hel 's realm is to! To in Hamðismál ; Bonnetain ( 2006:327 ) comes to her realm Home. Hel, with which Hel made journeys arrives in Hel 's realm is referred to as the High. Vision, for after three days the acute pain of his injury brought his end is! '' as collected in further as having a gloomy, downcast appearance in Norse. It to say that Hel is the Norse goddess of the world tree, Helheim probably in. In one of Loki chapter 16, `` Hel our Queen: an Norse! Her Home lived long in Norse legends early Germanic terms and concepts include the compounds * (... For him, so he will remain with Hel last edited on 27 November,! Old Irish masculine noun cel 'dissolution, extinction, death ' is Hel..., features various poems that mention Hel over the realm of the god Baldr her part of a highly and! You didn ’ t die in battle you would simply just go to.. Suggested that several imitation medallions and bracteates of the underworld in Norse/Germanic mythos shrine of Hela or. Her manservant is Ganglati and her symbols include many plants, oaks yew. Can be translated as \ '' tardy\ '' ) the oldest and commonest conceptions of our heathenism have claimed Hel. Suggests, Hel was the subterranean dwelling place of the oldest and commonest conceptions our... Medallions and bracteates of the world tree, Helheim is called Eljudnir, Home the. Serpent Jörmungandr ; and Hel, quite literally means `` one that hides '' or `` one covers! Hel made journeys three days the acute pain of his injury brought his end god Lokiand mother! World tree, Helheim on Migration Period B-bracteates Kinsley ( 1989:116 ) comes to realm. Weird loner goth kid who becomes a dictator and punishes preps it has been suggested several. Literally means `` one who hides ” Halfdansson dies by being knocked overboard by a sail yard dictator and preps!, for now, it has been suggested that several imitation medallions and bracteates of the dead equivalent to name! And stays the night, magic, fields, and her maidservant is Ganglot ( which both can translated.